Tetrathorp-Junction

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Railway Junctions
Junction Criteria

3-Way junctions

Basic 3-Way
Line Merge
Half Cloverleaf
Half Spaghetti
Compact 3-Way
Compact 3-Way B-M Junction
Ultimate 3-way
Half Transmogrified
Braided Junction

4-Way junctions

Basic 4-Way
Roundabout
Cloverleaf
Spaghetti
Star
Complex Star
Branch-Merge
Tetrathorp
High Speed 4-Way Fly-over/under
Pre-Signaled Roundabout
Advanced Roundabout
Right-of-way Roundabout
Improved Roundabout
Transmogrified
Tightlong
Deepblue2k8 4-way Junction

Enormous junctions

Multi-way/multi-track cloverleaves
Dual Tetrathorp
Dual Transmogrified
Dual Branch-Merge
Quad Branch-Merge
Quad Tetrathorp
6-tuple Branch-Merge
8-Way Star
High Speed 4-way

Other junctions

Right-of-way Depot
Dual tunnels
Sideline U Turn
Right-of-way Lane Change
Right-of-way Merge

Track Layouts

4-Way Triple Axial
4-Way Triple Axial 2
Triple Via Mini
High Hill

Unuseful junctions

Crossover
3/4ths junction
Ultimate 3-way junction for 4 tracks

The Tetrathorp Junction is a normalized cloverleaf -- that is, the loops have been reversed and made more natural (if you want to turn left you just turn left).

Original Tetrathorp


Junction Criteria
CostModerate
Construction DifficultyHard
TunnelsYes
BridgesOptional
Breakdowns
Broken down trains only affect the one track.
Sharpest Turn2
HillsYes
Split Before MergeYes
Direct PathsYes
Natural TurnsYes
DeadlockNo
LoopsNo
Signal type Any
  • Early in the game, trains have to slow down to climb slopes because of their lack of horse power.
  • Later in the game, trains have to slow down because bridges have speed limits.
  • Area: 18 x 18


Contents

Variations

Tunnels

Tunneled Tetrathorp Junction

In this design, bridges are replaced with tunnels, and inner lines that branch from the main line merge with outer branch lines instead of directly merging back onto the main line.

This design removes the speed limits imposed by bridges, but still requires some trains to climb a slope twice while turning.

One Slope

Modified Tetrathorp Junction

In this design bridges are still used, and traffic merges into the main line, however the track layout has been altered so that trains only have to go up and down a slope once.

Improved Performance

Tetrathorp with Turning Lanes

This design is more complex and costly than the above designs, and requires the building on slopes patch to be enabled. However, it should give the best performance of any tetrathorp design.

The most obvious advantage here is that no path across this junction involves climbing more than one slope. However, the use of turning lanes also minimizes the knock-on effects of turning. Trains turning sharp corners can only go at about 80% of their maximum speed, and in other designs, a turning train might force trains behind it to wait while it turns. The use of dedicated turning lanes means that trains don't have to slow down while turning until after they've left the main line.

For Early Trains

Tetrathorp with tunnels and bridges

Finally, this design tries to maximise the performance of early trains at the expense of later ones, without using the building on slopes patch. Although bridges are used, trains passing through this junction will only have to travel over a maximum of one upward slope or one bridge.

Another benefit of this design is that because tunnels and bridges are kept as short as possible, you can put signals much closer together, allowing trains to follow each other more closely.

After your trains have developed enough so that the bridges are hindering more than they are helping, you can also replace the bridges with plain track by having the tracks under the bridge go through another short tunnel, instead. This will not allow such frequent signal placing, but eliminates the need for bridges, and therefore, speed limits. Faster trains travelling farther apart may be better in your situation than slower trains following closely together.

Over-Under

Revised: Single Bi-Directional Mainline
Revised: Dual Isolated Bi-Directional Mainline
Revised: Dual Isolated Bi-Directional Mainline
Old: Single Bi-Directional Mainline
Old: Dual Isolated Bi-Directional Mainline
Compact version
Longer branches, no slopes on one direction. Resembles Star or Branch-Merge junctions.
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